Elephant :


Asian Elephant is more related to the mammoth than African Elephant. The mammoth became extinct about 3000 years ago.

Range: They found in India, Sri Lanka, Nepal, Bhutan, Bangladesh, Myanmar, Southern China, Thailand.

Habitat: They live in forests where ground is hilly or undulating and also in scrub forests that combine grass with low woody plants & trees.

Diet: They feed on barks, stems, roots, fruits, leaves of trees, shrubs and grasses.

Weight : Male: 4000-5000 Kgs. Female: 2000-3000 kgs.

Longevity: Around 60 years in wild & 80 years in captivity.

Gestation : 20 to 22 months.

Offspring: One.

Height : 245 to 275 cm.




The common hippopotamus, or hippo, is a large, mostly herbivorous, semiaquatic mammal native to sub-Saharan Africa, and one of only two extant species in the family Hippopotamidae, the other being the pygmy hippopotamus.

Habitat: Hippos live in sub-Saharan Africa. They can only survive in areas with abundant water, though, so they live in areas with rivers and lakes. Hippos are amphibious animals and spend up to 16 hours per day in the water, according to National Geographic.

Diet: Like almost any herbivore, they consume other plants if presented with them, but their diet in nature consists almost entirely of grass, with only minimal consumption of aquatic plants.

Weight : Male: 1500-1800 kgs; Female: 1300 – 1500 kgs

Longevity: 40 - 50 years.

Gestation : 243 days.

Offspring: One single baby hippopotamus, or calf

Breeding Season : Between October and April.




The Indian rhinoceros, also called the greater one-horned rhinoceros and great Indian rhinoceros, is a rhinoceros native to the Indian subcontinent.

Habitat: The preferred habitat of an Indian rhinoceros is alluvial flood plains and areas containing tall grasslands along the foothills of the Himalayas. Formerly, extensively distributed in the Gangetic plains, today the species is restricted to small habitats in Indo-Nepal terai and northern West Bengal and Assam.

Diet: The Indian rhino is a grazer that travels established, tunnel-like paths through its tall-grass habitat. It grasps tall grasses with its prehensile lip. In addition to grass, rhinos eat fruit, leaves, and sometimes farm crops. They are often around water and sometimes consume aquatic plants.

Weight : Male: 2100 kgs; Female: 1600 kgs

Longevity: 30 - 40 years.

Gestation : 16 months.

Offspring: After a 15- to 16-month gestation period, the female rhino will give birth. She will give birth again in 1-3 years.




The giraffe (Giraffa) is a genus of African even-toed ungulate mammals, the tallest living terrestrial animals and the largest ruminants. The genus currently consists of one species, Giraffa camelopardalis, the type species. ... Giraffes usually inhabit savannahs and woodlands.

Habitat: Giraffes are native to Africa, especially the sub-Saharan regions. Their distribution includes several parts of the continent but in a very fragmented way.

Diet: Giraffes are herbivores, which mean they eat only plants. Their long necks allow them to reach leaves, seeds, fruits, buds and branches high up in mimosa and acacia trees.

Weight : Male: 1192 kgs; Female: 828 kgs

Gestation : 400 – 460 days.






The Gaur has acute sense of smell and hearing but it has less development of visual senses.

Range: In India it is found in Western Ghats, Central and South eastern peninsula, West Bengal and North east India.

Habitat: It is essentially a hill animal. It seen in ever green, scrub, deciduous bamboo and grassland forests.

Diet: Shrubs, herbs, bamboo shoots, fruits, buds of flowers and also bark of some trees.

Weight : Male: 600-1000 kgs; Female: 300 – 500 kgs

Longevity: 24 years.

Gestation : 240 - 270 days.

Offspring: Usually one young one is born

Breeding Season : December to January.



Sambar Deer

It is the largest deer species native to South and South-East Asia. It feeds from dusk to dawn and mostly take rest during rest of the day.

Range: In India, Srilanka, Myanmar to Malay and Phillippines and beyond.

Habitat: Forests of Gujarat and Rajastan, moist deciduous forests of peninsular India, Pine and oak forests of the Himalayan foothills.

Diet: It feeds on grasses, green leaves, flowers, fruits and also on fallen leaves.

Weight : Male: 225-320 Kgs; Female: 135-225 Kgs.

Longevity: 20 – 25 years.

Gestation : 240 days.

Offspring: One.

Breeding Season : Throughout the year, but peak during March to June.


Barking Deer

Barking deer

It lives as solitary or in pairs, male slightly larger in body weight than female. Height is 50 cm to 85 cm.

Range: They found in Southern & South Easter Asia. It is found throughout the country.

Habitat: Lives in thick forests but comes out in the open as well as forest edges for grazing.

Diet: They are nibblers feed on grasses, buds of flower, green leaves and fruits.

Weight : 14 – 28 kgs.

Longevity: 18 – 25 years.

Gestation : 160 – 180 days.

Offspring: Usually one but rarely two.

Breeding Season : February.