Conservation Breeding Programme

Conservation Breeding Programme

Indira Gandhi Zoological Park, Visakhapatnam has been breeding many rare and endangered species since many years. The present breeding success this year was in Dholes. Dholes have been breeding successfully for the last few years. A study on the social and reproductive behaviours of dholes revealed that the presence of sub-ordinate female is quite critical in the up-bringing of pups since they play a crucial role during early pup development. The growth of Dhole Population in Vizag Zoo is quite encouraging and very satisfactory. The population of Dholes saves reached 19 Nos. which is probably

Efforts are on to introduce new blood in the present stock for rejuvenating the genetic profile of the species. The successful breeding of White Tigers in the Zoo contributed to attract more visitors over the years. Other species like Gaur, Nilgai, Jackal, Grey Jungle Fowl, Porcupine, Painted Storks, Grey Herons, Sambars, Black Bucks, etc. have also been breeding successfully in the Zoo.

The Asiatic Wild dog or Dhole (Cuon alpinus) belongs to the order Carnivore and family canidae. Destruction of natural habitat, hunting has reduced the wild populations to the verge of extinction. This endangered species have been placed under Schedule-I of the Wildlife Protection Act, 1972.

For conservation and breeding this species, Indira Gandhi Zoological Park, Visakhapatnam, Andhra Pradesh, India started with one male, two females and one pair of pups (1:1) which were fell into the open moat of the Vizag Zoo enclosure in 1992 & 1994 respectively.

The natural environment provided at Indira Gandhi Zoological Park (IGZP), Visakhapatnam has gives breeding success which may set an example for other zoos in the country.

IGZP is one of the foremost zoos in the country which had been regularly breeding Dholes in captivity. It had taken up Dholes as a focal species and efforts had been put in to acquire animals from different genetic lineages. Currently the zoo has four established packs from three different lineages and efforts are put in to get non related individuals from Arignar Anna Zoological Park (AAZP)/Mysore zoo. The present stock of wild dogs is (32:16) in IGZP.